In the sprawling cattle country of southwestern Kenya, a year-old girl walked bravely along a dirt track, swathed in a brightly colored cloth and carrying an open black umbrella. Shilling notes dangled from her headgear, framing her face, as village people dressed in tree branches clapped and sang to her. The girl had just been circumcised in a ceremonial rite of passage of the Kuria tribe.
A deeply entrenched social and cultural practice in many places, Al Jazeera answers the most asked questions about FGM. FGM stands for Female Genital Mutilation, which consists of the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia. In Eastern Europe : Georgia and Russia.
It is mainly underreported in many countries in Africa especially where it has been declared illegal. It is sometimes performed by medical practitioners when it is speciously believed that its medicalization reduces the complications associated with the practice. It involves imposed incisions or excisions on and of the female external genitalia for sociocultural as opposed to medical reasons.
Yankan gishiri, a genital cut, on the vagina for various illnesses is a harmful cultural practice. It is usually performed by traditional barbers. We report a case of Mrs. AA, a year-old para 3 who presented with a history of a long-standing vaginal swelling which became painful after the patient made an incision on it.
Women and girls living with FGM have experienced a harmful practice. Experience of FGM increases the short and long term health risks to women and girls and is unacceptable from a human rights and health perspective. While in general there is an increased risk of adverse health outcomes with increased severity of FGM, WHO is opposed to all forms of FGM and is emphatically against the practice being carried out by health care providers medicalization.
Female genital mutilation FGMalso known as female genital cutting and female circumcision[a] is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia. Typically carried out by a traditional circumciser using a blade, FGM is conducted from days after birth to puberty and beyond. In half the countries for which national figures are available, most girls are cut before the age of five.
When Saffiatu Sillah was growing up in the west African nation of Sierra Leone, her clitoris was cut off in a ritual circumcision. She was left with scar tissue that caused pain during sex and agony during childbirth. After her second child was born, Sillah, a pharmacist then living in Philadelphia, searched for medical help.
Like the four neighbors, over a quarter of Kenyan women have undergone the ordeal, seen as a rite of passage for girls despite government efforts to end it in the East African country. Wrapped in bright colored shawls, the girls spent the night huddled around a fire in a thatched-roof house as local women gathered to sing and dance in support. One woman fell into a trance after sipping a local wine.
Labia stretchingalso referred to as labia elongation or labia pullingis the act of lengthening the labia minora the inner lips of the female genitals through manual manipulation pulling or physical equipment such as weights. It is performed for sexual enhancement of both partners, aesthetics, symmetry and gratification. The labia and the whole vulva differ in size, shape, and colour from one woman to another.
This will not post anything on Facebook or anywhere else. While for some people it may mean a celebration of an age which legalizes them to certain activities, for others it is nothing less than a living nightmare. This tribe strongly believes that the vitality of machismo and the real power of man lies in the semen of an elder. Source: youtube.